The students experimented with different folding patterns both physically and digitally. Folding simulations and structural analysis were part of the process. Their final results have been combined and materialized in an 1:1 digitally fabricated pavilion. For more  technical information have a look at  the pdf presentation.


Milan’s Design week is the most important event worldwide for design and innovation. In the past five years “Ventura-Lambrate” district has been the new platform where all the emerging designers, architects and visionaries took over the Ex-Industrial zone by the growing trend of Industrial refurbishments. This year, the city of Milan will be hosting the “World Expo”, one of the most vital events in Milan’s contemporary history, integrating an era of modern development; the issue of Milan’s unused and Ex-Industrial buildings remains in question. The workshop aims to approach the re-generation of a forsaken warehouse, named SBODIO32, at the edge of Milan’s new design district.



Folding constitutes a spatial composition that generates differentiation by maintaining a continuity. Along this succession, every part interacts and communicates with its subsequent part simultaneously. The multiplicity of the fold in spatial expression and its intricate material behavior have been part of the architectural discourse since Deleuze and have been adopted by Greg Lynn, Robofold and Chuck Hoberman. By exploring spatial qualities and material organizations they investigate the type of fold, its structural stiffness and its ability to enable deployment.Through unfolding the spatial, structural and organizational behavior of folding, we achieve a differentiation of pattern and type in order to derive to a multiplicity of forms.

Its unique yet controlled behavior is a result of the folds’ inherent relationship between the component and the whole. The position of one specific fold in the larger network is driven by the global morphology, the flexibility of the joint, the act of folding and the gravity acting onto it, increasing or decreasing the fold.  A unique behavior and therefore form, can be reached by understanding all the local impacts ofthe fold to the global outcome. A recursive folding of complexities where the ‘edge’ is no longer definable and instead, the nebulous ‘line’ overtakes its place. In terms of architecture, this can be interpreted as a series of potential expressions of puremovements, as the result of alterations within the folded structure.

Unfold aims to explore the relation between the design and materializing of Space; understanding the “moving matter animated by peristaltic movements, folds and foldings ”(G. Deleuze), and the breaking free of the Cartesian grid, working in networks of folds. Unfold investigates how this active space exists beyond theory or a computer/animated space, decoding folds into tangible reality. The exploration of the interactive relationship of folding and material, form and structural behavior will be translated, in this workshop, into the fabrication of a 1:1 scale pavilion installed in “SBODIO32” and showcased among Milan’s Design Week exhibits. (FouriSalone 14-19 April 2015).



The workshop will determine strategies for different typologies through material manipulation, understanding and designing material behavior through controlling the fold.

The material manipulation as the process of folding will be coded in digital tools, based on Rhino/ Grasshopper with plugins Kangaroo and Karamba that will help simulating physical behaviors. During this process codes will be translated into physical prototypes digitally fabricated, optimizing design criteria with fabrication strategies and structural consideration. Our investigations in these interactive relationships will be projected onto the surfaces. Linking the outcome of the static space that the viewer sees, to the interactive digital and physical process that sits behind it, and how the fold transformed from the digital to the physical world.



Tuesday 7th of April – Sunday 12th of April

Day 1 – A Lecture by Professors from Politecnico di Milano. Extracting folded behavior. Research folding in digital and physical prototypes, linking behavior of fold to form and structure.

Day 2 – Combining logics and production of design and “unfolding” fabrication strategies.

Day 3 – Combining logics and production of design and “unfolding” fabrication strategies.

Day 4 – Fabrication process: Laser cutting + Assembly 1

Day 5 – Fabrication process: Laser cutting + Assembly 2

Day 6 – Final day of installation.

*The workshop will run from 7th – 12th April at “Politecnico di Milano” University and the assembly and installation process at the warehouse in “Ventura Lambrate”.

*The Design Week. (FouriSalone) will run from 14th – 19th April 2015.



Basic modelling skills in Rhino are required. No specific Grasshopper, Karamba, Kangaroo design skills are required (although an introductory knowledge is welcome).Participants should bring their own laptop with a pre-installed software.The software package needed has no additional cost for the participant. A Karamba license is included in the fee, Rhino can be downloaded as evaluation version, Grasshopper and plugins are free. These softwares are subject to frequent updates, so a download link to the version used in the workshop will be sent to the participants few days before the workshop.

The fee for the workshop is 500 € for professionals and 400 € for students. One week before the beginning of the workshop the fee will be 500 € for all the participants. Accommodation and plane tickets are not included in the fee.



Manja Van De Worp – Msc. Architecture and Structural Engineering, Msc AA Emtech / Principle of NOUS Engineering London

Aldo Sollazzo – computational expert – M.Arch in Advanced Architecture / Director of Noumena / Manager Fab Lab Frosinone

Efilena Baseta – M.Arch in Advanced Architecture / Partner of Noumena – Bcn

UNFOLD_ Moving matter

14-19 April 2015

Milan Design Week, Milan, Italy

NOUS Engineering



Yunting Yang
Shuyang Li
Bilyana Savova
Eman Ashmawi
Freeda Jane Madius
Zeynap Yilmaz
He Yuan

Mo Liu
Eda Ozgur
Pelin Ulcay
Artina Qehaja
Paolo Franco
Eugenio Bettucchi