The digital workshops 2014 for stu­dents of ENSAMP (Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Architecture Paris-Malaquais) in year 2 and 3, introduce them with the no-tions of geometric ration­alization, conception and fabrication logics through learning adequate software and their critical practices. The workshops will be organized along two weeks, from the 22rd to the 26th of September and from the 29th of September to the 3rd of October respectively for the Year 2 students (D3W) and Year 3 stu­dents (D5W). They will be enriched with lectures. A common subject will be proposed to the teachers and tu­tors of each workshop who will de­velop and teach their own approach. The overall event will then allow to pursue the constitution of a common and open library on digital knowledge applied to design, architecture and construction.

The workshop D3W for the Year 2 students will be dedicated to the teaching of design development through the initiation and development of logical and algorithmic processes. During this week, each work­shop will be led by a teacher and a tutor, and will be related to a common topic: Data / Workflow com­binatorial. Everyone will explore the concept of workflow and the possibility of a parametric project.

The division of a project’s approach into successive steps constitutes a workflow. These steps could be produced by different persons working together one after the other or at the same time. Each step could be assimilated to an independent action which changes an input into an output. Between each step there is a transition, where the output on the one hand becomes the input on the other.

The architectural project could be decomposed, for example, according to scales: ward, building, hous­ing, room, windows etc. The expected result could be done in different kinds: map, group of building etc. Steps and interfaces will be defined by students and teachers.

First, each workshop will be asked to constitute sev­eral workflow strategies and to identify clearly each step to develop. This will compose a parametric chain of processes. At each step, there are several choices which can im­pact the following step. Therefore in a second phase, each group will be asked to explore the combination of these different steps by permuting processes be­tween them in order to obtain several results, similar to an exquisite corpse game. The interface transition will have to be precisely identified in order to allow the permutation between processes. The exploration of different elements combination will provide multitudes of possibilities. Then, each work­shop will have to define some evaluation criteria in order to choose the most interesting result.

The workshop D5W for the Year 3 students will be dedicated to the teaching of simulation and control of computer assisted fabrication and construction pro­cesses, in order to integrate physical, material data, into conception development.

During this week, each workshop will be led by a teacher and a tutor. It will be focused on the teaching of the digital fabrication of specific components around a common case study: a table. Each workshop will work with a predetermined fabrication tool: laser cutter associated with CNC milling machine, 3D-printer and a 6-axis robot.

Each of these tools has their pros and cons, the workshop students will have to think about a strategy to optimize the production of the necessary parts of the project. First, each group will be asked to elaborate an as­sembly process of simple elements. These elements will have to be defined according to their nature:

– linear: cleat, tube, threaded rod etc.
– surface : sheet, cardboard etc.

– volume : brick, cup or other industrial elements etc.

Each dimensional nature of these elements (1D, 2D and 3D) combined with a fabrication tool implies different strategies of assembling. Every element will be limited in size; they will have to be contained in a volume of 30x30x30 cm maxi­mum. Therefore the assembling system will have to be conceived in order to guarantee the required need for the table. Only the board of the table will be in one piece (plywood). The table will have a used surface of 80 x 200 cm and will be 50 cm high and have to be disassembled easily.

At the end of the week, each workshop will be asked to choose one project which will be produced, de­pending of the school’s capacity. The use of digital simulator (strength analysis, form finding…) is recommended, it will allow foreseeing the physical behavior of projects.



Data / Workflow com­binatorial (D3W)  intends to offer an overall vision of digital design strategies, exploring several approaches based on DATA as main provider of design considerations.

The workshop will focus on understanding application and implication of data management in design processes applied to different scales and programs. During classes will be provided an external input from professionals coming from different backgrounds that will gave short introduction for each topic. Students will be asked to evolve a design proposal toward an open design experience based on the reformulation of the concepts learned during class. Towards this goal, the course will be split into tutoring sessions in the morning and workgroup activities in the afternoon. The final output of the course will be finding connections between those different strategies combining those solutions in a final design proposal.

“Having more data does not always give you the power to make better decisions.”  – Jeffrey Fry



intro to gh

– intro to grasshopper: structure
-data tree (check david rutten)*
-mesh plane
– attractor points boxes
– attractor points curves

 DAY 2
dataas energy

– heliotrope
– ladybug radiation
– ladybug illumination
– ladybug thermal analysis

DAY 3.
dataas form

– anemone intro
– anemone table
– triangulated pavilion
– kangaroo

dataas information

-weather data


– goat
– octopus
-optimization functional program
– façade orientation



[opening lecture of Aldo Sollazzo – Noumena, Spain] Monday

[opening lecture of Jose Lario – Barcelona Regional, Spain] Tuesday

[opening lecture of Arturo Tedeschi and Lorenzo Massimiano -RESHAPE DESIGNERS] Wednesday

[opening lecture of Robert Garita – Univ. Veritas, Costa Rica] Thursday

[opening lecture of Iker Mugarra Flores –Noumena, London] Friday



Every participant is requested to prepare his laptop in advance (Windows, MAC included, free of any viruses, etc.) as well as ensure that he has enough free disk space to work decently.

Each student will be assigned a workshop group and informed of the necessary softwares to download. At the end of the workshops, all the work pro¬duced will be gathered for its future public communication and exhibition. The materials produced by workshop tutors and teachers will be gathered as well to constitute a library of common knowledge and ac¬cessible by any student who wish to learn taught topics in other workshops.



Teachers: Daghan Cam, Francesco Cingolani, Julien Deprez, Clément Duroselle, Paul Ehret, Nicolas Leduc, Sebastien Perrault, Léa Sattler, Nicolas Simon, Aldo Sollazzo, Sylvain Usai

Tutors: Sebastian Andraos, Alexandre Atamian, Charles Bouyssou, Xavier Delanoue, Clément Gosselin, Ludovic Haehnsen, Oswald Pfeiffer, Jim Rhoné

Organizers:   Minh Man Nguyen, Christian Girard, Philippe Morel, Pierre Cutellic

Lecturer:  Hugh Dutton


22-26 September and 29 September -03 October 2014

ENSAPM (Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Architecture Paris-Malaquais), France